Filing a lawsuit in California can be confusing and take a long time. Before you start, it’s important to understand the basics of the legal system and what to expect. In this blog post, we’ll go over the main things you should know before filing a lawsuit in California.

  1. Make Sure You Have a Good Case

Before filing a lawsuit, check that you have a good reason to take legal action. Talk to a lawyer to see if your situation is worth going to court, and if so, what type of lawsuit to file. Remember that not all problems need to be solved in court; think about other ways to solve disputes like mediation or arbitration.

  1. Know the Time Limits

In California, there are time limits for filing different types of lawsuits. For example, you have two years to file a personal injury claim and four years for a written contract. Make sure to file your lawsuit within the right time frame, or your case might be dismissed.

  1. Pick the Right Court

California has two main types of trial courts: Superior Courts and Small Claims Courts. Superior Courts handle cases with claims over $10,000, while Small Claims Courts handle claims up to $10,000. Choose the right court for your case based on the money involved and the type of problem.

  1. Write and File Your Complaint

A complaint is the legal paper that starts your lawsuit. It explains your claims and what you want to get. You’ll need to write and file your complaint with the right court, pay a fee, and give the complaint to the defendant(s). Keep in mind that legal papers have to follow specific rules, so think about talking to a lawyer or using legal templates to make sure they’re correct.

  1. Be Ready for a Long Process

Lawsuits can take months or even years to finish, depending on how complicated the case is and how busy the court is. Be ready for a long process and plan accordingly.


To avoid issues when filing a lawsuit in California, make sure you understand the legal system, pick the right court, and follow the rules. Being prepared will make the process smoother and increase your chances of success.

Sanjay Sabarwal focuses his practice in the areas of Employment Law, Family Law and Personal Injury Law and provides outstanding service and expertise for your legal right to win cases with personalized attention and insightful counsel. Mr. Sabarwal has been the Co-Owner and House Counsel for Ziba Beauty, member of the American Bar Association, Los Angeles Bar Association, South Asian Bar Association and Orange County Bar Association. He also serves on the Advisory Board for Youth Business Alliance, which connects entrepreneurs to speak at underserved schools in Los Angeles County. He is also a board member for the Artesia Chamber of Commerce. Contact Sanjay at or (562) 250-4471.

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